Giampaglia, C.M.S.; Martins, M.C.; Chimara, E.; Oliveira, R.S.; de Oliveira Vieira, G.B.; Marsico, A.G.; Mello, F.C.Q.; de Souza Fonseca, L.; Kritski, A.; da Silva Telles, M.A.
SETTING: Mycobacteria growth in media with the addition of inhibitory substances has been used in species identification. Growth of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) is inhibited by ρ-nitrobenzoic acid (PNB), whereas non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are resistant.
OBJECTIVE: To develop a rapid PNB test using the automated BACTEC MGIT960 system and to evaluate its usefulness in the screening of mycobacterial isolates.
DESIGN: PNB tests were performed in 93 MTC strains and 61 NTM strains from the Instituto Adolfo Lutz Culture Collection. PNB was added to Löwenstein-Jensen (LJ) medium and to BACTEC MGIT960 medium.
RESULTS: The MTC strains were all PNB-susceptible, confirming the original identification. Among 10 NTM species, all were found to be resistant to PNB, except for one strain of M. kansasii and another of M. marinum. The median time to obtain presumptive identification of MTC by inhibition test in the BACTEC MGIT960 system was 6.3 days and for NTM it was 2.5 days. The presumptive identification of MTC in LJ was mostly obtained after day 20.
CONCLUSION: The key finding of this analysis was the possibility of combining the traditionally accepted method proposed by Tsukamura and Tsukamura in 1964 with the modern, safe and rapid BACTEC MGIT960 methodology.